Vermont Gets Aggressive on Energy and Water Efficiency

CodeWatcher Vermont Energy Planning

Vermont tackles appliance standards, energy planning and EV parking.

House Bill 410 was approved by the Governor in late May. The bill has 3 main components:
efficiency standards for appliances, energy planning and EV parking. We’ll focus on the first two facets here.

First, HB 410 calls for energy or water efficiency standards on a wide array of products. The state was
unhappy with the lack of progress on updating federal efficiency standards, so they (like California) have decided
to take matters into their own hands. While the legislation is applicable to a number of commercial products
(like fryers and steam cookers), it also requires efficiency from residential products like faucets, ventilating fans
and showerheads. Here is the breakdown of various products cited in the bill:

• Commercial dishwashers, fryers and steam cookers; Water coolers – Energy Star v 2.0
• Lavatory faucets & replacement aerators – 1.5 gpm at 60 psi
• Kitchen faucets & replacement aerators – 1.8 gpm at 60 psi (temporary 2.2 gpm
• Public lavatory faucets & replacement aerators – 0.5 gpm at 60 psi
• Showerheads – 2.0 gpm at 80 psi
• (Most) Urinals – 0.5 gpf
• Residential ventilating fans – Energy Star v 3.2
• Spray sprinkler bodies – Internal pressure regulator & WaterSense v 1.0

The effective date for the standards applicable to commercial dishwashers, fryers, steam cookers,
residential ventilating fans, spray sprinkler bodies, and water coolers (among others) is July 1, 2020. The
effective date for efficiency standards for faucets, urinals and showerheads is July 1, 2021. Finally, the efficiency
standards do not apply to “products installed in mobile manufactured homes at the time of construction, or
products designed expressly for installation and use in recreational vehicles.”

The bill also calls for the Department of Public Service to prepare a State Comprehensive Energy Plan
covering at least a 20-year period. The plan will include a comprehensive analysis and projections regarding the
use, cost, supply, and environmental effects of all forms of energy resources used in the state. It will also include
recommendations for both state implementation actions, as well as regional and municipal energy planning and
standards. An annual progress report will be filed by the Commissioner of Public Service on or before January
15, starting in 2019.